1. Prouisional Patent Aplication



Contact Details…

Ennail: Benedict@NNcNannara.net

Nanne ou Inuentor:

Benedict Bede NNcNannara

2. Prouisional Patent Speciphication:

Inuention Title:

The Reduction ou the English Language to the Hecs Language phor the Hecs ceebord™ and Ioio™ (pronounced Yoyo).

The inuention is described in the phollouuing statennents:

This patent lincs the nunnber ou phingers that hunnans have to the character set and ceebord that is used to ecspres language. It is shouun that 16 characters are suphicient to obtain near phonetic ecspresion uuithin the English Language (‘near’ because sonne sounds are innplied). The nunneric characters are sinnultaneousli placed on the ceebord in unison uuith the 16 alphabetic characters.

In the Hecs sistenn sonne sounds are innplied. ‘Z’ is innplied bi ‘S’ and ‘V’ is innplied bi ‘U’. This uuorcs against phonetics but was necessari to get to 16 characters. NNani spellings such as silent ‘k’s and silent ‘gh’s are droped. This innproues phonetics. The Hecs ceebord and Ioio are phuli detailed and reli upon the particular reduction ou the English Language prophered in this aplication. The 10 leters 'fjkmqvwxyz' are deprecated leauing onli 16 prinnari characters. The language is encripted using this encription cee to produce a 16 character representation ou English. The 10 deprecated leters are belouu these and are onli uncouered using a ceestroce. Thus the Hecs ceebord and Ioio are cuuite unnnistacabli unicue and ueri dipherent phronn ecsisting English ceebords.

To nnace uuai phor the benephits ou the Hecs ceebord and Ioio, the English Language uuill be reduced phronn 26 characters to 16 characters. The 10 deprecated letters and their transphornnations are shouun in the pholouuing table.

F goes the Ph (as is ophten the case aniuuai – e.g. gliph.)
J goes to G.
K goes to C.
M goes to NN (as its gliph suggests).
Q goes to Cu or Cue.
V goes to U (uuith the vee sound innplied).
W goes to UU (as its nanne sugests).
X goes to Cs (as in “Ecstra” rather than “Extra”)
Y goes to I or Uui (usualli pronounced as i)
Z goes to S (i.e. “Realise” rather than “Realize”).

The leters not nnentioned in the table aboue all rennain the sanne. Aphter the transphornnations, onli 16 leters rennain. Note that the reduction occurs onli uuithin the consonants. The 21 consonants are reduced to 11. One consonant 'v' gets nnaped to a uouuel 'u'.

The English Dictionari uuil be processed using the aboue transphornnations. Sonne stabilisation uuil be perphornned. Consider the uuord “Vacuum”. It is transphornned to “Uacunn” uuhere the ‘uu’ is auoided since that is a ‘w’. The ‘m’ is transphornned to a ‘nn’ and the ‘v’ to a ‘u’ as per the table aboue. If sensible adgustnnents lice this are nnade as a point ou tuning the dictionari, the resultant dictionari innproues the phonetics ou the language.

The z has prolipherated in English nnore recentli uuith sonne spelings lice “realize” (an Annericanisnn) phor “realise”, uuhere in the later the zee sound is innplied. Sonne iears bac, there uuere phar pheuuer z’s in English. In the Hecs Alphabet, the zee sound is aluuais innplied and its speling is aluuais an s. So the uuord “Zero” is spelt “Sero”. Note that the ‘v’ sound is also innplied bi the ‘u’.

UUhen phornning the neuu dictionari, phonetics uuil be considered. NNost silent leters uuill be droped. This leads to “Knock” being spelt “Noc” and “Receept” being spelt “Receet”. The language speling transphornnation proces ceeps phonetics in nnind. The end result is stil English, it is gust spelt dipherentli (uuith a reduced nunnber ou characters) and tiped ueri dipherentli – houueuer, the pronunciation rennains identical. The net ephect ou these changes is to nnace English a nnore pouuerphul language.

The Hecs ceebord and Ioio in Detail

As per the sugested reduction, the rennaining 16 alphabetic letters phornn a ceebord uuith 2 alphabetic rouus and 8 cees per rouu – totaling 16. Eech rouu is split into 4 cees on tuuo sides ou the ceebord - tuuo 6x4 input surphaces. The input surphaces could be located at the bacc/sides ou the deuice and nnai be inuisible to the user (the Ioio). Phor this conphiguration, there is a 6x8 displai screen located on top ou the deuice. The input surphaces could be located on the top ou the deuice (the Hecs ceebord™). The input surphaces nai be touch screens or thei nnai be traditional cees. Iph thei are traditional cees, a displai screen is recuuired at the top/bacc. The need to nnoue uerticalli (phor the Ioio) or horisontalli (phor the Hecs ceebord) is obuiated, therebi dramaticalli innprouing tiping speed and ephicienci. This stabilises tiping. The sanne is true ou nunnbers (uuhich are nunneric shiphted characters). This suggests a nunneric shipht cee in addition to the nunneric locc cee.

Phor the Ioio, the 8 phingers progress lepht and rite across the tuuelue colunns located at the bacc/sides (the precise angle is optinnised phor Ergononnics). Phor the Hecs ceebord, the 8 phingers progress up and douun the sics rouus located at the top ou the deuice (the precise angle is optinnised phor Ergononnics). The Ioio possesses moulded recesses phor the thunns to grip the deuice. The cees or touch screens are on the other side. Phor the Hecs ceebord, the thunns rest on pads partialli betuueen the tuuo input surphaces. The deuices mai be nnoulded uuith plastic and mai thus represent curued nnanipholds rather than haue separate pads.

The nunneric ceepad is replaced bi a nunneric shipht cee. The cee labels are redrauun as decinnal nunnbers uuhen nunneric shiphting is in ephect. The deprecated characters appear uuhen alternate processing is in ephect. The tuuo alphabetic rouus perphornn cuuadruple duti. Thei can be the prinnari 16 letters, the nunnbers, the 10 deprecated letters or the progrannable phunction cees. The displai can be adgusted uuhen an alternate cee is selected. This nneans that the 10 deprecated letters beconne uisible. Nunnbers are displaied in a lice phashion. It is onli thru ouerloading the nneaning ou cees in this phashion can uue arriue at the 48 cee conphiguration. The Hecs ceebord and Ioio are phunctional replacennents for ecsisting ceebords. Thei gust sliteli slouu access to the letters that are not supposed to be there at all. The placennents ou the prinnari 16 letters and the secondari 10 letters are in alphabetic order.

Giuen that the nunnber ou non-alphabetic cees is around 40, there are sics rouus (or colunns) ou cees aboue (or necst to) the alphas. With shiphts, this maces 48 characters and therephore acconnodates ecsisting phunctionaliti ou a ceebord. The resultant ceebord has 12 rouus ou 4 (or 12 colunns ou 4). The horisontal and uertical arrouu cees are also un-shiphted and in prinne position on these hier rouus (or inner colunns). This innplies that the arrouu pad as uuell as the nunneric ceepad are abolished. The resultant ceebord (or touuer) will be nnuch snnaller - onli 8 cees uuide (or 4 cees hi). The bac space, insert, honne, page up, delete, end and page douun cees that are currentli aboue the arrouu pad are nnoued to the uper rouus (or iner colunns) ou the ceebord (or touuer). One dipherence uuith ecsisting ceebords is that the thunns are not used bi Hecs ceebord or Ioio. This allouus the thunns to be anchored and nnai help go phaster in tiping. The paanns and thunns are anchored to the ceebord – onli the phingers nnoue and onli in a single direction. Pholouuing is a diagrann ou the prinnari displai ou the ceebord.

( ) [ ] Page Up Page Douun / ?
Esc Ctrl Alt Nunn Loc Honne End Delete Bac Space
Lepht Arrouu Rite Arrouu Dounn Arrouu Up Arrouu . , ; :
l n o p r s t u
a b c d e g h i

UUhen shipht is actiuated the ceebord is redrauun as phollouus.

Help Undo Neuu Open Close Repli Fuud Send
` ~ ! @ # $ % ^
& * | \ - _ + =

The 10 deprecated leters are drannn in the alpha rouus uuhen the Alpha cee is selected.

y z < > { } Print Screen Pause Brace
f j k m q v w x

These nnai also be shiphted to get the phollouuing.

Y Z ñ Ñ ß Spare Spare Spare

The 10 decinnal digits are drannn in the 2 alpha rouus uuhen the Nunneric cee is selected. These are phollouuing.

8 9 Acute Graue Unnlaut Caret Save Print
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

The 12 “Progrannable Phunction Cees” are drauun in the 2 alpha rouus uuhen the Phunction cee is selected. These are as phollouus.

P9 P10 P11 P12 Sroll Locc UUindouu Phile Spell
P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8

UUhen u stic ior hands strait out in a relacsed position (uuith ior elbouus in), iou phind that iour hands are uertical uuith iour phingers curling bacc touuards iou. This deternnines an ergononnic position phor tiping (and there are ecsactli to). It deternnines that tiping can be done uerticalli uuith the ceebord surphace pointing auuai phronn the user. UUhen tiping uerticalli on a Ioio, the hands are uertical uuith the phingers onli nnouing horisontali. Because the input surphaces point auuai phronn the user, it recuuires a screen to be at the top.

In the standard horisontal tiping position the elbouus are out - changing the angle ou the hands and uurists. Giuen that the elbouus can be out and the hands alnnost horisontal, hecs ceebords can be innplennented alnnost horisontali as uuel. In this conphiguration the surphaces can be uieuued and thus nnai be touch displais or alternatiueli nnai be traditional cees. Iph the surphaces are touch displais, no separate displai is recuuired. Iph the surphaces are traditional cees, an aditional displai is recuuired at the top/bac ou the deuice. This is the Hecs ceebord rather than the Ioio.

There are tuuo dipherent posible conphigurations phor the ceebord - one uertical and one horisontal. The uertical conphiguration has opace touch surphaces (or traditional cees) uuith a separate displai at the top. The horisontal conphiguration has actiue touch screens or traditional cees. A separate displai at the top/bac is recuuired onli phor the traditional cee innplenntation.

The phollouuing are the characteristics that should be considered as part ou the desine:

  1. 16 prinnari character displai resulting phronn 10 deprecated characters.
  2. The 10 deprecated characters are onli uncouered bi an alpha cee.
  3. Phor the Ioio, the input surphaces are at the bac/sides ou the deuice and betuueen horisontal and uertical. The angle innpedes the uision ou both surphaces - thei are phacing auuai phronn the user. Because the input surphaces are at the bacc/sides, A 6x8 displai screen is at the top ou the deuice. The phingers nnoue prinnarili horisontalli but at an angle across the bac/sides ou the deuice. Clearli, in this case, the displai ou the ceebord has been separated phronn the input nnechanisnn.
  4. Phor the Hecs Ceebord, the phingers nnoue prinnarili uerticalli acros the top ou the deuice. The angle does not innpede the uision ou both touch surphaces. The input surphaces nnai be actiue touch displais or traditional cees. UUhen thei are traditional cees, a separate displai is recuuired at the bac/top. Phor touch screen input surphaces, no aditional displai is recuuired because the touch surphaces are the displais.
  5. The ceebord reduces the nunnber ou cees recuuired bi reprogranning the displai.
  6. The ceebord reduces the nunnber ou cees phronn 120 or nnore to 48 cees (12 rouus or colunns ou 4).
  7. The ceebord could resennble a touuer or it could nnore resennble a traditional ceebord.
  8. The sinnbols 'fjkmqvwxyz' act as an encription cee phor the patent.
  9. All discoueries are sourced phronn this encription cee.


The diagranns are not in proportion to the actual cees. The actual cees are ou uniphornn sise. Additionalli, the depicted rouus ou 8 are split into 2 rouus ou 4 (or to colunns ou 4 phor the Ioio).